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Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is caused by an external force, usually in the form of a blow to the head. In 2007 the CDC reported that falls are the leading cause of TBI (28%), followed by motor vechicle accidents (20%), hit by or against (19%) and assaults (11%).

Automobile accidents, firearm accidents, brawls, fall accidents, and sports such as skiing are some of the most common causes of traumatic brain injury, and  are incidents in which the brain is shaken violently inside or ricocheted off the skull (such in the case of Shaken Baby Syndrome and some high-speed car accidents). Diffuse Axonal injury, concussion, contusion, Coup-Contrecoup Injury, Second Impact Syndrome, and penetration injury also fall under traumatic brain injury. Sometimes, the outside force is so strong that it breaks the skull, which can dig into and subsequently injure the brain.

Common Symptoms of Brain Injury

  • Dialated Pupils
  • Loss of consciousness/confusion
  • Changes in vision (blurred vision, seeing double, intolerance of bright light)
  • Dizziness or difficulty balancing
  • Respiratory failure
  • Coma
  • Paralysis and trouble moving parts of the body
  • Poor coordination
  • Weakness/ lethargy
  • Slowed pulse and breathing rate
  • Vomiting
  • Trinities
  • Cognitive thought problems
  • Loss of bowel or bladder control
  • Unexplained emotional outbursts
  • Levels of Traumatic Brain Injury
  • and more

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